Ticks: who is it, what is dangerous, how to protect yourself
Spring and summer are wonderful times. Flowers bloom, the sun shines, birds sing. So I want to get out into the countryside. However, not everything is so rosy. Together with nature, ticks wake up.
Both adults and children know about the dangers of ticks. Thousands of people suffer annually from tick bites, and often they lead to disastrous consequences.
What are ticks
Ticks belong to the class of arachnids, a subspecies of arthropods. Today, many species have been identified, and the most dangerous are ixodidae. Also popularly known as “dog”, “taiga”, “pasture”. Parasites of this group tolerate various diseases – ehrlichiosis, tick-borne fever, tularemia, babesiosis, spotted fever.
The greatest danger is Lyme disease and encephalitis. Lyme disease begins with a small red spot. Symptoms actively manifest after about 1.5 months – paralysis, hearing loss, heart problems, insomnia, and depression. It does not cause death, but leads to serious diseases of the cardiovascular system.
Encephalitis disrupts the activity of the brain, the immune system. A couple of weeks after the bite of the victim is constantly sick. He experiences severe headaches. Over time, the bitten paralyzes. The patient becomes disabled or dies.
There are cases when the first symptoms after a tick bite appear after 10-15 years.
The most ideal period for the reproduction of ticks is from early spring to late autumn, when it is warm (not hot) and humid. Favorite places are grass, lower branches of bushes, fallen leaves. They do not climb to a height above one meter. Therefore, in attacks, territories where there is a lot of vegetation should be avoided. Picnics are best arranged in dry weather.
How to bite a tick
Specialists identified two tick bite scenarios.
- The first case: a tick hides in the grass, leaves or bushes. This can be in a park or recreation area, where there are large crowds of people and animals. There are no obstacles for the parasite, so it simply scrambles over the victim and digs into the skin.
- The second case: here the tick is guided by instincts and a strong feeling of hunger. He searches for a victim for a long time, then tries to penetrate it. Then the tick either creeps on its own or the victim comes close. The parasite clings paws with hooks to the skin, hair or coat.
As a rule, the most delicious areas for ticks are:
- head, including the area behind the ears;
- inguinal zone.
The places listed above have excellent blood flow, sweat a lot (ticks really like this smell). In addition, the skin there is thin and delicate, so ticks will not be difficult to suck.
How to protect yourself
To protect yourself and loved ones from troubles, you should observe safety precautions:
- do not go on vacation during peak periods of parasite activity;
- wear smooth tight-fitting clothing, tuck socks into pants;
- to collect long hair in a ponytail, cover your head with a cap, panama or bandana;
- do not arrange halts and picnics in shady and humid places with plenty of grass and leaves;
- conduct inspections every two hours.
It is also worth considering tools and methods that increase the level of protection against parasites.
- Repellents – tick repellents. They are applied to skin and clothing. Ticks smell the product and do not fit at close range.
- Acaricidal drugs are very powerful agents with a powerful composition. Active components affect the tick and cause paralysis in it. But people need to use them with great care, because they are dangerous for them.
- Insecticidal-repellent agents – safe and reliable. The principle of “two in one” – scaring away ticks from afar, the destruction of already matched. Safe for humans. In addition, act on midges and mosquitoes.
- Vaccination – doctors vaccinate immunoglobulin, which produces the body to fight viruses.
Tick bite action
You can not hesitate when you find a sucking tick, you should urgently go to the doctor. The specialist will remove the tick, treat the wound in accordance with all the rules, and give medicine.
Sometimes it takes a long time to go to the hospital, so there is only one way out – to get rid of the parasite yourself. Well, if the bite was noticed after half an hour or two hours – you can still pull it out. It is strictly forbidden to squeeze or pull out (the head with the proboscis remaining in the skin is also dangerous). The tick must be twisted clockwise (slowly and carefully), taking tweezers or constructing a loop from a dense thread. Then the affected area should be treated with brilliant green or iodine. Before and after the procedure, hands should be thoroughly washed and sanitized. Upon arrival in the village, you must always consult a doctor and give for analysis the extracted parasite, wrapped in an alcoholic scrap of cotton wool or tissue.
To remove a tick in the Pulse clinic, process a bite site and get a consultation, call our operators and you will be booked for the nearest appointment with a doctor.